# Courses

## EE 40. Introduction to Microelectronic Circuits

### Description

Catalog Description: (4 units) Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week. Fundamental circuit concepts and analysis techniques. Kirchoff's laws, nodal analysis; independent and dependent sources. ThÃ©venin, Norton equivalent circuits. Transient and AC analysis; speed and power. Phasors, Bode plots and transfer function. Filters and Op-Amps. Graphical methods for nonlinear circuits. Gauss's Law and bandgap. Diode and FET characteristics. Diode and MOSFET circuits. Introduction to basic integrated-circuit technology and layout. Digital signals, logic gates, switching. An electronics laboratory is part of the course. Using and understanding electronics laboratory equipment such as: oscilloscope, power supplies, function generator, multimeter, curve-tracer, and RLC meter. Includes a term project of constructing a circuit with appropriate electromechanical device.

Prerequisites: Math 1B and Physics 7B.

Course objectives: This course is intended to teach basic circuit theory and principles of electronic engineering as preparation for subsequent EE courses.

Topics covered:

- Introduction to circuits: currents, and voltages; power and energy; Kirchhoff's Current Law; Kirchhoff's Voltage Law; branches, loops and nodes
- Resistive circuits; ThÃ©venin and Norton equivalent circuits; Node/Mesh/Superposition analysis
- Inductance and capacitance; L and C transients; 1st and 2nd order circuits
- Phasors; Frequency response; Bode plots; Resonance; Transfer function; Filters (1st and 2nd order filters)
- Operational Amplifiers: Ideal operational amplifiers; Inverting and non-inverting amplifiers; Design of simple amplifiers; Op-amp imperfections in the linear range of operation; Integrators and differentiators;
- Diode circuits: Basic concepts; Load-line analysis of diode circuits; Ideal-diode model; Piecewise-linear diode models; Rectifier circuits; voltage doubler
- Semiconductors; n and p doping; bandgap
- Diode physics: Gauss's Law and Poisson Equation; Depletion approximation; IV characteristics
- MOSFET physics: NMOS and PMOS transistors and simple fabrication concepts
- MOSFET circuits: Load-line analysis; Bias circuits; Small-signal equivalent circuits; Common-source amplifiers; Source followers
- Binary logic, truth tables: inversion, NAND and NOR
- Logic circuits: CMOS logic gates; flip-flops, registers, counters, adder